BTS (base transceiver station) is an apparatus used for wireless communication between a network and the user equipment (UE). The user equipment includes smartphone and computers with wireless connectivity, and the network includes wireless communication technologies such as CDMA, internet connectivity, and GSM.
The global base transceiver station (BTS) antennas market size in 2018 was around US$ 3.8 billion, which is expected to reach about US$ 5.3 billion by 2025.
BTS is used at the base of every cell tower to facilitates a wireless connection between the user and the network. BTS is composed of radio equipment and antenna.
The radio equipment is also used for communication between BTS and MS (mobile station). Every BTS operates in a defined area which is known as a cell. During communication when a user moves, in case of a mobile user, from the defined area of one BTS then, through handover between two BTS, the user is transferred to another BTS and continues its services using another BTS.
BTS is controlled by BSC (base station controller), and BSC is then controlled by MSC (mobile switching centre), a telephone exchange. BSC controls the handover between two BTS.
Antenna in BTS is used for the transmission and receiving of radio waves. There are three types of antennas used in BTS, which includes Omni directional antennas, leaky coax, and directional antennas. Omnidirectional, as the name suggests, has the ability to transfer and receive signals from all directions, for example, dipole, helical and whip antennas. Leaky coax can send and receive signals along the path of the coaxial cable, for example, a coaxial cable having a tiny space between outer conductors which allow signals to pass through it. Directional antennas are the one which can transfer signals in certain one direction, for example, parabolic and yagi antennas.
The growth in the BTS antennas market is due to the increasing growth of mobile subscribers around the world. The constant change in technologies, such as 2G, 3G, 4G, 4G LTE and now 5G, of mobile communication also plays an important role in the growing value of BTS antennas.
Omnidirectional antennas seem to have a larger market share as compared to leaky coax and directional antennas. The signal transferring in all directions is considered being the main reason behind Omnidirectional larger market share.
Asia Pacific has a bigger market share of BTS antennas, and the on-going increase of mobile subscribers in developing countries of Asia Pacific are considered as the main driver behind bigger market share from other regions. China and India will use more BTS antennas compared to other countries in the region.